At the Laboratory for Living Interfaces we study the interaction of organisms and their environment through scientific and design enquiries. Through experimental practice, we aim to understand how the design decisions of architects, city planners, and material scientists affect the ubiquitous living component of the spaces we inhabit: the environmental microbiome.


The Gowanus Canal in Brooklyn, one of two SuperFund sites in New York City, is emblematic of many contaminated post-industrial sites across the country. We are developing a portable, cost effective DNA-based soil contaminant test, working with community advocacy groups to support stakeholder equity in a rapidly gentrifying neighborhood.

In New York City, sea level rise has led to a dramatic increase in flood risk, particularly in low-lying and coastal neighborhoods. Urban flood water contains a diverse array of contaminants, including industrial and household chemicals, fuels, and sewage found in an urban environment. We are developing protocols to assess how flooding events alter the microbiome of street surfaces.

We know that the human microbiome, and therefore human health and well-being, is affected by the environmental microbiome. Urban residents spend on average 80% of their time indoors, in highly engineered environments. In collaboration with the Yale Center for Ecosystems in Architecture, we seek to understand whether green wall infrastructure can be optimized to augment the indoor microbiome. 

Aerobiomes as seen by honeybees

As bees forage, they traverse the microbial clouds associated with elements in their environment – green spaces, bodies of water, industrial landscapes. These signatures can be read from the “bee debris” at the bottom of the hive. We recruit honeybees as citizen scientists collecting information on urban aerobiomes, and use the data to understand the environment of their foraging range.


Dr. Elizabeth Hénaff is a computational biologist with an art practice. Her academic trajectory started with a Bachelors in Computer Science, followed by a Master’s in Plant Biology (both from UT Austin) and a PhD in Bioinformatics from the University of Barcelona.

At the center of her work is a fascination with the way living beings interact with their environment. This inquiry has produced a body of work that ranges from scientific articles in peer-reviewed journals, to projects with landscape architects, to working as an artist in environments from SVA to the MIT Media Lab. She has made contributions to understanding how plants respond to the force of gravity, how genome structure changes in response to stress, and most recently has turned her attention to the ubiquitous and invisible microbial component of our environment. Some recent highlights include the design for the bioremediation of a local toxic Superfund site which won a design competition, had a gallery exhibit, and a scientific publication. Her work with the MIT Media Lab led to the development of a novel approach to urban microbiome sampling using honeybees, an exhibit at the 2016 Venice Architecture Biennale, and a curriculum for international workshops. Most recently, she has shown work at the Storefront for Art and Architecture in NYC and the Detroit Science Gallery. She has consistently made the tools – software, wetware, hardware – needed to answer her research questions.

She currently holds an Assistant Professor position in the Technology, Culture and Society department at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering in New York City.

PhD Students

Phoebe Mankiewicz works towards illustrating and developing the connections and disparities between “wild” and “human” ecologies. These differences exist from the microbial, to the global scale, friction between which can lead to significant health impacts for humans and ecosystems alike. With a background in Biology spanning Neurobiology and Invasive Ecology, and a masters in Architectural Science out of RPI, her thesis work in Yale’s CEA focuses on ecologically-influenced strategies for indoor ecologies (e.g. air amelioration, microbial biodiversity), and solutions to urban ecological problems (e.g. carbon sequestration, invasive plant control). Developing sustainable human- ecological cycling through directed environmental pressure and invasion in the context of indoor air quality could be a way to use the intersection of plant and human systems towards healthier people and lower carbon budgets at the building scale.

Her long-term goal is to apply her technical, field and laboratory skills, outdoor experience, and familiarity working on interdisciplinary teams to facilitate effective long-term environmental conservation and urban sustainability initiatives for built ecologies.

A Brooklyn native, Diedre is an Urban Systems Ph.D. student interested in the interwoven and interdependent relationships between living things and their environment in the face of climate change challenges like urban heat. She explores this relationship through remote sensing and open data to create synthetic populations highlighting the potential effects on vulnerable populations. In her downtime, she delights in making things—from prints to cookies, textiles…really anything! And her greatest source of enjoyment is her time spent in the company of her cat, Atia, and her dog, Ginger.

MS Students

Sheila Atieno is a second-year Graduate student pursuing her Master’s in Biomedical Engineering at NYU Tandon after her undergraduate in Biophysical Sciences at Regent University, VA. Her previous research involved Microbiome Resistance-mutation on the Gut microbiome concerning the gut-brain system – in relation to the effects of glyphosate residues, Designing a Yeast plasmid DNA involving Gene prime editing, and making competent cells to carry out yeast transformations.

Throughout her previous and current journey of Cancer and microbiome research, Sheila explored DNA extractions, DNA Quantification strategies, science communications, and DNA extractions for the microbial zine project “intimacy,” the Elisa test, microbiome mutation, Crispr Cas 9 applications, Carcinogens in relation to gene editing, qPCR, and Machine learning applications.  

Sheila is currently co-developing a DNA Extraction Pilot method for the Bee project, as well as working on the Zine microbial project “intimacy.” Her hobbies include traveling, hiking, baking, and basketball, & she loves spending time with her family and friends. 

Harrison graduated from Macquarie University, Australia, with a BABSc majoring in Human Biology and Creative Writing. He is currently an MS student in the Recombinant DNA Technology track at NYU GSAS. In his undergraduate studies, he obtained DNA isolation experience through researching cryptic speciation in Australian stingaree populations using phylogenetic analyses. In the lab, Harrison is interested in the microbial composition of the aerobiome that can be influenced by urban design characteristics and how this in turn affects human health. Currently, he is developing a novel DNA extraction protocol to gather metagenomic data from the aerobiome.

Tori is an urban beekeeper in NYC receiving their Master of Public Health from SUNY Downstate. Their research interests include urban pollinator health, active commuting as protective health behavior, and environmental health equity.


Progga Bhuiyan

Progga Bhuiyan is an undergraduate majoring in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and minoring in Environmental Engineering at NYU Tandon. She wants to pursue a career in sustainability focused on developing eco-friendly methods and technology–which makes the Henaff lab and its projects the ideal place for her. Progga was born in Bangladesh and came to the US in 2014. She loves any type of physical activity ranging from dancing, playing sports, and exercising. As a new member of the lab, Progga is looking forward to learning new laboratory skills and research methods for further improvement of human life. 

Andi Sanchez

Ands Sanchez (they/them) studies Biomolecular and Chemical Engineering and Fine Arts at NYU Tandon. Previously they worked with NYU Langone’s environmental medicine department in producing and creating a documentary for the Ramapough Turtle Clan. They are currently working on the bee project and recently helped created a Gene Zine for the project. As a member of the lab Ands strives to incorporate their art skills into their projects as much as possible. In the future Ands wants to pursue a career in genetic engineering and is determined to use art to help them in the field. 

Lina LEE

Lina Lee is an undergraduate majoring in Biomolecular Science at NYU Tandon School of Engineering on the PreDental Track. She has been a Course Assistant in her department for the past 3 years for the intro level BMS labs. Over the past year she has been helping out with multiple projects in the lab, but is currently focusing on the Microbiome Facade Project, Lina was born in Minnesota but has recently moved to California. She enjoys traveling whether that be to Seoul or to any National Park! Becoming a member of the lab she has learned a lot of new skills and how microbiome facade and dental related research are not that different!

Past Members


Rita Ruiting Wang is an interdisciplinary artist and architect, and a MLA candidate at Graduated School of Design, Harvard University. She is interested in inter-species communication, and using architecture as an interface to reimagine the human. 

Chandrima Bhattacharya

Chandrima Bhattacharya has been working to understand the relationship between microbes and the environment in the context of the Gowanus Canal project. She has a Bachelor’s in Engineering from India, a Masters at Computational Biology from Weill Cornell Medical College and is currently a PhD student at Weill Cornell Medicine. 


Andrew Lau

Andrew Lau is a Los Angeles based designer, born and raised in the San Francisco Bay Area. He has his Bachelors of Architecture and Minor in Cinematic Arts from the University of Southern California, and a Masters of Science in Integrated Digital Media from New York University. 
His interest in design focuses on using emerging technologies in order to express identity and community. He explores crafting narratives that elucidate our connection with our respective ecologies in order to envisage sustainable futures. 
He is currently an educator, developing and instructing programs focused on design-build and design thinking as a pedagogical method in project based learning. Andrew continues to explore the opportunities of coalescing his architectural background with the applied research and technical skills acquired in academia and the professional practice, as a way to further his interests in an interdisciplinary approach towards design. 

MAMoun Nukumanu

Mamoun Nukumanu is an interdisciplinary artist and biodesigner working at the intersection of arborsculpture, regenerative architecture, and poetic futurism. Through their work, Nukumanu explores biodesign as the formation of novel symbiotic relationships between human and non-human agents. The art of Enacting Mutualisms is essential for the continued evolution of humanity in the face of anthropogenic climate change. Only together can cell-beings form the whole earth democracy that will liberate us from the trajectory deeper into the cells of selves.

Sara Nejad

Sara is a NY based designer with a multidisciplinary background in biodesign, human computer interaction and business. Leveraging these disciplines, she aims to strategize and develop innovative products, systems and experiences that are ecologically sustainable. 


During her graduate studies at NYU-IDM, her research in food-tech ranged from hyper-localized farming methods to address challenges in the current food supply chain to speculative projects, imagining the future of food on earth and beyond. In her master’s thesis, she converged her research in farming technologies, space food and astromicrobiology to speculate a bio-designed interplanetary future. 

Microbial Memories(BDC 2020, Science Sandbox for Public Engagement Prize Winner) is a speculative project inspired by symbiosis among microbes, humans and their environment. In this collaborative project with Nikhil Kumar- and with Dr. Henaff’s mentorship- they drew inspiration from research pointing to the relationship between terroir and different flavor profiles in wine to design a microbial flavoring kit that captures and recreates memories with the aid of environmental microbiomes.