At the Laboratory for Living Interfaces we study the interaction of organisms and their environment through scientific and design enquiries. Through experimental practice, we aim to understand how the design decisions of architects, city planners, and material scientists affect the ubiquitous living component of the spaces we inhabit: the environmental microbiome.


The Gowanus Canal in Brooklyn, one of two SuperFund sites in New York City, is emblematic of many contaminated post-industrial sites across the country. We are developing a portable, cost effective DNA-based soil contaminant test, working with community advocacy groups to support stakeholder equity in a rapidly gentrifying neighborhood.

In New York City, sea level rise has led to a dramatic increase in flood risk, particularly in low-lying and coastal neighborhoods. Urban flood water contains a diverse array of contaminants, including industrial and household chemicals, fuels, and sewage found in an urban environment. We are developing protocols to assess how flooding events alter the microbiome of street surfaces.

We know that the human microbiome, and therefore human health and well-being, is affected by the environmental microbiome. Urban residents spend on average 80% of their time indoors, in highly engineered environments. In collaboration with the Yale Center for Ecosystems in Architecture, we seek to understand whether green wall infrastructure can be optimized to augment the indoor microbiome. 

Aerobiomes as seen by honeybees

As bees forage, they traverse the microbial clouds associated with elements in their environment – green spaces, bodies of water, industrial landscapes. These signatures can be read from the “bee debris” at the bottom of the hive. We recruit honeybees as citizen scientists collecting information on urban aerobiomes, and use the data to understand the environment of their foraging range.


Dr. Elizabeth Hénaff is a computational biologist with an art practice. Her academic trajectory started with a Bachelors in Computer Science, followed by a Master’s in Plant Biology (both from UT Austin) and a PhD in Bioinformatics from the University of Barcelona.

At the center of her work is a fascination with the way living beings interact with their environment. This inquiry has produced a body of work that ranges from scientific articles in peer-reviewed journals, to projects with landscape architects, to working as an artist in environments from SVA to the MIT Media Lab. She has made contributions to understanding how plants respond to the force of gravity, how genome structure changes in response to stress, and most recently has turned her attention to the ubiquitous and invisible microbial component of our environment. Some recent highlights include the design for the bioremediation of a local toxic Superfund site which won a design competition, had a gallery exhibit, and a scientific publication. Her work with the MIT Media Lab led to the development of a novel approach to urban microbiome sampling using honeybees, an exhibit at the 2016 Venice Architecture Biennale, and a curriculum for international workshops. Most recently, she has shown work at the Storefront for Art and Architecture in NYC and the Detroit Science Gallery. She has consistently made the tools – software, wetware, hardware – needed to answer her research questions.

She currently holds an Assistant Professor position in the Technology, Culture and Society department at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering in New York City.

Phoebe Mankiewicz works towards illustrating and developing the connections and disparities between “wild” and “human” ecologies. These differences exist from the microbial, to the global scale, friction between which can lead to significant health impacts for humans and ecosystems alike. With a background in Biology spanning Neurobiology and Invasive Ecology, and a masters in Architectural Science out of RPI, her thesis work in Yale’s CEA focuses on ecologically-influenced strategies for indoor ecologies (e.g. air amelioration, microbial biodiversity), and solutions to urban ecological problems (e.g. carbon sequestration, invasive plant control). Developing sustainable human- ecological cycling through directed environmental pressure and invasion in the context of indoor air quality could be a way to use the intersection of plant and human systems towards healthier people and lower carbon budgets at the building scale.

Her long-term goal is to apply her technical, field and laboratory skills, outdoor experience, and familiarity working on interdisciplinary teams to facilitate effective long-term environmental conservation and urban sustainability initiatives for built ecologies.


Chandrima Bhattacharya

The world is a crazy place with microbes helping us to go through everyday life (and some causing havoc)! 

Chandrima Bhattacharya has been working to understand the relationship between microbes and their roles in the sustenance of various ecosystems. She has a Bachelor’s in Engineering from India and has recently graduated with a Masters at Computational Biology from Weill Cornell Medical College. 

Her goal is to understand the fascinating world of microbes by examining the roles of antimicrobial resistance and locate novel bioactive compounds obtained from them, thus comprehending their values in the society.